Revelation – Chapter 4

The Bible – New Testament

 Revelation

Index

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

Revelation

Chapter 4

1

1 After this I had a vision of an open door 2 to heaven, and I heard the trumpetlike voice that had spoken to me before, saying, “Come up here and I will show you what must happen afterwards.”

2

3 At once I was caught up in spirit. A throne was there in heaven, and on the throne sat

3

one whose appearance sparkled like jasper and carnelian. Around the throne was a halo as brilliant as an emerald.

4

Surrounding the throne I saw twenty-four other thrones on which twenty-four elders 4 sat, dressed in white garments and with gold crowns on their heads.

5

From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings, and peals of thunder. 5 Seven flaming torches burned in front of the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.

6

In front of the throne was something that resembled a sea of glass like crystal. 6 In the center and around the throne, there were four living creatures covered with eyes in front and in back.

7

The first creature resembled a lion, the second was like a calf, the third had a face like that of a human being, and the fourth looked like an eagle 7 in flight.

8

The four living creatures, each of them with six wings, 8 were covered with eyes inside and out. Day and night they do not stop exclaiming: “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.”

9

Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to the one who sits on the throne, who lives forever and ever,

10

the twenty-four elders fall down before the one who sits on the throne and worship him, who lives forever and ever. They throw down their crowns before the throne, exclaiming:

11

“Worthy are you, Lord our God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things; because of your will they came to be and were created.”

1 [1-11] The seer now describes a vision of the heavenly court in worship of God enthroned. He reverently avoids naming or describing God but pictures twenty-four elders in priestly and regal attire ( Rev 4:4) and God’s throne and its surroundings made of precious gems and other symbols that traditionally express the majesty of God ( Rev 4:5-6). Universal creation is represented by the four living creatures ( Rev 4:6-7). Along with the twenty-four elders, they praise God unceasingly in humble adoration ( Rev 4:8-11).

2 [1] The ancients viewed heaven as a solid vault, entered by way of actual doors.

3 [2-8] Much of the imagery here is taken from  Ezekiel 1:10.

4 [4] Twenty-four elders: these represent the twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles; cf  Rev 21:12-14.

5 [5] Flashes of lightning, rumblings, and peals of thunder: as in other descriptions of God’s appearance or activity; cf  Rev 8:5;  11:19;  16:18;  Exodus 19:16;  Ezekiel 1:4,  13. The seven spirits of God: the seven “angels of the presence” as in  Rev 8:2 and  Tobit 12:15.

6 [6] A sea of glass like crystal: an image adapted from  Ezekiel 1:22-26. Four living creatures: these are symbols taken from  Ezekiel 1:5-21; they are identified as cherubim in  Ezekiel 10:20. Covered with eyes: these suggest God’s knowledge and concern.

7 [7] Lion . . . calf . . . human being . . . eagle: these symbolize, respectively, what is noblest, strongest, wisest, and swiftest in creation. Calf: traditionally translated “ox,” the Greek word refers to a heifer or young bull. Since the second century, these four creatures have been used as symbols of the evangelists Mark, Luke, Matthew, and John, respectively.

8 [8] Six wings: like the seraphim of  Isaiah 6:2.

Index

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: