The Bible – Old Testament
1 2 A psalm. A song for the dedication of the temple. Of David.
I praise you, LORD, for you raised me up and did not let my enemies rejoice over me.
3 O LORD, my God, I cried out to you and you healed me.
4 LORD, you brought me up from Sheol; you kept me from going down to the pit.
Sing praise to the LORD, you faithful; give thanks to God’s holy name.
For divine anger lasts but a moment; divine favor lasts a lifetime. At dusk weeping comes for the night; but at dawn there is rejoicing.
5 Complacent, I once said, “I shall never be shaken.”
LORD, when you showed me favor I stood like the mighty mountains. But when you hid your face I was struck with terror.
To you, LORD, I cried out; with the Lord I pleaded for mercy:
6 “What gain is there from my lifeblood, from my going down to the grave? Does dust give you thanks or declare your faithfulness?
Hear, O LORD, have mercy on me; LORD, be my helper.”
You changed my mourning into dancing; you took off my sackcloth and clothed me with gladness.
With my whole being I sing endless praise to you. O LORD, my God, forever will I give you thanks.
1 [Psalm 30] An individual thanksgiving in four parts: praise and thanks for deliverance and restoration (⇒ Psalm 30:2-4); an invitation to others to join in (⇒ Psalm 30:5-6); a flashback to the time before deliverance (⇒ Psalm 30:7-11); a return to praise and thanks (⇒ Psalm 30:12). Two sets of images recur: 1) going down, death, silence; 2) coming up, life, praising. God has delivered the psalmist from one state to the other.
2  For the dedication of the temple: a later adaptation of the psalm to celebrate the purification of the temple in 164 B.C. during the Maccabean Revolt.
4  Sheol … pit: the shadowy underworld residence of the spirits of the dead, here a metaphor for near death.