Psalms – Chapter 118

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. … 117. 118. 119. … 149. 150. Chapter 118 1 1 Give thanks to the LORD, who is good, whose love endures forever. 2 Let the house of Israel say: God’s love endures forever. 3 Let the house of Aaron say, God’s love endures forever. 4 Let those who fear the LORD say, God’s love endures forever. 5 In danger I called on the LORD; the LORD answered me and set me free. 6 The LORD is with me; I am not afraid; what can mortals do against me? 7 The LORD is with me as… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 118

The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2.119. 120. 121.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 120

1

1 A song of ascents. 2 The LORD answered me when I called in my distress:

2

LORD, deliver me from lying lips, from treacherous tongues.

3

3 What will the Lord inflict on you, O treacherous tongue, and what more besides?

4

4 A warrior’s sharpened arrows and fiery coals of brush wood!

5

5 Alas, I was an alien in Meshech, I lived near the tents of Kedar!

6

Too long did I live among those who hated peace.

7

When I spoke of peace, they were for war.

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1 [Psalm 120] A thanksgiving, reporting divine rescue (Psalm 120:10) yet with fervent prayer for further protection against lying attackers (⇒ Psalm 120:2-4). The psalmist is acutely conscious of living away from God’s own land where divine peace prevails (⇒ Psalm 120:5-7).
2 [1] Song of ascents: Psalm 120-134 all begin with this superscription. Most probably  these fifteen psalms once formed a collection of psalms sung when pilgrims went to Jerusalem, since   on “ascended” to Jerusalem (⇒ 1 Kings 12:28; ⇒ Psalm 24:3; ⇒ 122:4; ⇒ Luke 2:42) or to the house of God or to an altar (⇒ 1 Kings 12:33; ⇒ 2 Kings 23:2; ⇒ Psalm 24:3). Less probable is the explanation that these psalms were sung by the exiles when they “ascended” to Jerusalem from Babylonia (cf ⇒ Ezra 7:9). The idea, found in the Mishnah, that the fifteen steps on which the Levites sang corresponded to these fifteen psalms (Middot 2:5) must underlie the Vulgate translation canticum graduum, “song of the steps” or “gradual song.”
3 [3] More besides: a common curse formula in Hebrew was “May the Lord do such and such evils to you [the evils being specified], and add still more to them.” Cf ⇒ 1 Sam 3:17; ⇒ 14:44; ⇒ 25:22. Here the psalmist is at a loss for a suitable malediction.
4 [4] Coals of brushwood: coals made from the stalk of the broom plant burn with intense heat. The psalmist thinks of lighted coals cast at his enemies.
5 [5] Meshech was in the far north (⇒ Genesis 10:2) and Kedar was a tribe of the north Arabian desert (⇒ Genesis 25:13). The psalmist may be thinking generally of all aliens living among inhospitable peoples.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.119. 120. 121.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms 

Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 112

1

1 Hallelujah! 2 Happy are those who fear the LORD, who greatly delight in God’s commands.

2

Their descendants shall be mighty in the land, generation upright and blessed.

3

3 Wealth and riches shall be in their homes; their prosperity shall endure forever.

4

They shine through the darkness, a light for the upright; they are gracious, merciful, and just.

5

All goes well for those gracious in lending, who conduct their affairs with justice.

6

They shall never be shaken; the just shall be remembered forever.

7

They shall not fear an ill report; their hearts are steadfast, trusting the LORD.

8

Their hearts are tranquil, without fear, till at last they look down on their foes.

9

4 Lavishly they give to the poor; their prosperity shall endure forever; their horn shall be exalted in honor.

10

The wicked shall be angry to see this; they will gnash their teeth and waste away; the desires of the wicked come to nothing.

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1 [Psalm 112] An acrostic poem detailing the blessings received by those who remain close to God by obedience to the commandments. Among their blessings are children (⇒ Psalm 112:2), wealth that enables them to be magnanimous (⇒ Psalm 112:3, 5, 9), and virtue by which they encourage others (⇒ Psalm 112:4). The just person is an affront to the wicked, whose hopes remain unfulfilled (⇒ Psalm 112:10). The logic resembles Psalms 1; 111.
2 [1] Happy are those: literally, “Happy the person.” “Person” is used typically, hence the plural translation.
3 [3] Prosperity: literally, “justice.” In the Second Temple Period the word acquired the nuance of liberality and almsgiving. Cf ⇒ Sirach 3:30; ⇒ 7:10; ⇒ Matthew 6:1-4.
4 [9] Their horn: the symbol for vitality and honor.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2. 3.96. 97. 98.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 97

1

1 The LORD is king; let the earth rejoice; let the many islands be glad.

2

Cloud and darkness surround the Lord; justice and right are the foundation of his throne.

3

Fire goes before him; everywhere it consumes the foes.

4

Lightning illumines the world; the earth sees and trembles.

5

The mountains melt like wax before the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth.

6

The heavens proclaim God’s justice; all peoples see his glory.

7

2 All who serve idols are put to shame, who glory in worthless things; all gods bow down before you.

8

Zion hears and is glad, and the cities of Judah rejoice because of your judgments, O LORD.

9

You, LORD, are the Most High over all the earth, exalted far above all gods.

10

The LORD loves those who hate evil, protects the lives of the faithful, rescues them from the hand of the wicked.

11

Light dawns for the just; gladness, for the honest of heart.

12

Rejoice in the LORD, you just, and praise his holy name.

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1 [Psalm 97] The hymn begins with God appearing in a storm, a traditional picture of some ancient Near Eastern gods (⇒ Psalm 97:1-6); cf ⇒ Psalm 18:8-16; ⇒ Micah 1:3-4; ⇒ Hebrews 3:3-15. Israel rejoices in the overthrowing of idol worshipers and their gods (⇒ Psalm 97:7-9) and the rewarding of the faithful righteous (⇒ Psalm 97:10-12).
2 [7] All gods: divine beings thoroughly subordinate to Israel’s God. The Greek translates “angels,” an interpretation adopted by ⇒ Hebrews 1

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Index

Int. 1. 2. 3.96. 97. 98.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2.109. 110. 111.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 110

1

1 A psalm of David. 2 The LORD says to you, my lord: “Take your throne at my righthand, while I make your enemies your footstool.”

2

The scepter of your sovereign might the LORD will extend from Zion. The LORD says: “Rule over your enemies!

3

3 Yours is princely power from the day of your birth. In holy splendor before the daystar, like the dew I begot you.”

4

4 The LORD has sworn and will not waver: “Like Melchizedek you are a priest forever.”

5

At your right hand is the Lord, who crushes kings on the day of wrath,

6

Who, robed in splendor, judges nations, crushes heads across the wide earth,

7

5 Who drinks from the brook by the wayside and thus holds high the head.

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1 [Psalm 110] A royal psalm in which a court singer recites three oracles in which God assures the king that his enemies are conquered (⇒ Psalm 110:1-2), makes the king “son” in traditional adoption language (⇒ Psalm 110:3), gives priestly status to the king and promises to be with him in future military ventures (⇒ Psalm 110:4-7).
2 [1] The LORD says to you, my lord: literally, “The LORD says to my lord,” a polite form of address of an inferior to a superior. Cf ⇒ 1 Sam 25:25; ⇒ 2 Sam 1:10. The court singer refers to the king. Jesus in the synoptic gospels (⇒ Matthew 22:41-46 and parallels) takes the psalmist to be David and hence “my lord” refers to the messiah, who must be someone greater than David. Your footstool: in ancient times victorious kings put their feet on the prostrate bodies of their enemies.
3 [3] Like the dew I begot you: an adoption formula as in ⇒ Psalm 2:7; ⇒ 89:27-28. Before the daystar: possibly an expression for before the world began (⇒ Proverb 8:22).
4 [4] Like Melchizedek: Melchizedek was the ancient king of Salem (Jerusalem) who blessed Abraham (⇒ Genesis 14:18-20); like other kings of the time he performed priestly functions. Hebrews 7 sees in Melchizedek a type of Christ.
5 [7] Who drinks from the brook by the wayside: the meaning is uncertain. Some see an allusion to a rite of royal consecration at the Gihon spring (cf ⇒ 1 Kings 1:33, ⇒ 38). Others find here an image of the divine warrior (or king) pursuing enemies so relentlessly that he does not stop long enough to eat and drink.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.109. 110. 111.149. 150.

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Psalms – Chapter 1

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 148. 149. 150. Chapter 1 1 1 2 Happy those who do not follow the counsel of the wicked, Nor go the way of sinners, nor sit in company with scoffers. 2 3 Rather, the law of the LORD is their joy; God’s law they study day and night. 3 They are like a tree planted near streams of water, that yields its fruit in season; Its leaves never wither; whatever they do prospers. 4 4 But not the wicked! They… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 1

Psalms – Chapter 87

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 86. 87. 88. … 149. 150. Chapter 87 1 1 A psalm of the Korahites. A song. The LORD loves the city founded on holy mountains, 2 2 Loves the gates of Zion more than any dwelling in Jacob. 3 Glorious things are said of you, O city of God! Selah 4 From Babylon and Egypt I count those who acknowledge the… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 87

Psalms – Chapter 16

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 15. 16. 17. … 149. 150. Chapter 16 1 1 A miktam of David. 2 Keep me safe, O God; in you I take refuge 2 I say to the Lord, you are my Lord, you are my only good. 3 Worthless are all the false gods of the land. Accursed are all who delight in them. 4 3 They multiply their sorrows who court other gods. Blood libations to them I will not pour out, nor will I take their names upon my lips. 5 LORD, my allotted portion and… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 16

Psalms – Chapter 89

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 88. 89. 90. … 149. 150. Chapter 89 1 1 A maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite. 2 The promises of the LORD I will sing forever, proclaim your loyalty through all ages. 3 2 For you said, “My love is established forever; my loyalty will stand as long as the heavens. 4 I have made a covenant with my chosen one;… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 89

Psalms – Chapter 115

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. … 114. 115. 116. … 149. 150. Chapter 115 1 1 Not to us, LORD, not to us but to your name give glory because of your faithfulness and love. 2 2 Why should the nations say, “Where is their God?” 3 Our God is in heaven; whatever God wills is done. 4 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of human hands. 5 They have mouths but do not speak, eyes but do not see. 6 They have ears but… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 115

Psalms – Chapter 32

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 31. 32. 33. … 149. 150. Chapter 32 1 Of David. A maskil. 1 Happy the sinner whose fault is removed, whose sin is forgiven. 2 Happy those to whom the LORD imputes no guilt, in whose spirit is no deceit. 3 2 As long as I kept silent, my bones wasted away; I groaned all the day. 4 For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength withered as in dry summer heat. Selah 5 Then I declared my sin to you; my guilt I did not hide. I said, “I confess my faults to the LORD,” and you took away the guilt of… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 32

Psalms – Chapter 150

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 148. 149. 150. Chapter 150 1 1 Hallelujah! 2 Praise God in his holy sanctuary; give praise in the mighty dome of heaven. 2 Give praise for his mighty deeds, praise him for his great majesty. 3 Give praise with blasts upon the horn, praise him with harp and lyre. 4 Give praise with tambourines and dance, praise him with flutes and strings. 5 Give praise with crashing cymbals, praise him with sounding cymbals. 6 Let everything that has breath give praise to the LORD! Hallelujah! 1 [Psalm 150] The… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 150